In this tutorial, you will learn how to modify the original 3d topology optimization program(top3d) to solve multiple load cases problem.

In order to solve a multiple load cases problem, as shown below, a few changes need to be made.

##### Step.1: Define Loading Conditions

First, the loading conditions (line 12) are changed correspondingly:

il = [nelx nelx]; jl = [0 nely]; kl = [nelz/2 nelz/2];

Also the force vector (line 22) and displacement vector (line 23) become more than one column:

F = sparse(loaddof,[1 2],[-1 1],ndof,2); U = zeros(ndof,2);

##### Step.2: Define Objective Functions

The objective function is now the sum of different load cases

where is the number of load cases.

Then lines 74-76 are substituted with lines

c = 0.; dc = zeros(nely,nelx,nelz); for i = 1:size(F,2) Ue = U(:,i); ce = reshape(sum((Ue(edofMat)*KE).*Ue(edofMat),2),[nely,nelx,nelz]); c = c + sum(sum(sum((Emin+xPhys.^penal*(E0-Emin)).*ce))); dc = dc - penal*(E0-Emin)*xPhys.^(penal-1).*ce; end

##### Step.3: Run program

This example is promoted by the linetop3d(60,60,4,0.4,3.0,1.5)

You will have similar result like this